Figure. 1 shows the frequency configuration of this trans-
ceiver. All modes operate in a double conversion while trans-
mitting. FM mode operates in a triple conversion and other
modes operate in a double conversion while receiving.
10.695MHz (Except FM)
Reference Signal Generator
The reference frequency (fstd), which is used to control
the PLL frequency, oscillates at 15.6MHz in a crystal oscilla-
tion circuit (X1, Q1). This 15.6MHz signal passes through a
buffer amplifier (Q4) and is doubled in a multiplier (Q5) to gen-
erate a 31.2 MHz signal. The 31.2MHz signal is used as the
reference signal for the DDS (IC1) for the PLL reference sig-
nal of the first local oscillator (LO1) and the DDS (IC2) for a
The SO-3 (TCXO unit) is configured as an option in this
transceiver, so that you can replace the crystal oscillation cir-
cuit (X1, Q1) with the SO-3. However, you must cut the R103
) and R104 (0) jumper wires to stop the operation of the
crystal oscillation circuit (X1, Q1) when using the SO-3.
LO1 (the 1st local oscillator)
A frequency between 8.33MHz and 8.47MHz is output
using the 31.2MHz signal as the reference signal in the DDS
(IC1). The output signal passes through a ceramic filter (CF1)
and enters into a PLL (IC3). This signal is divided into 1/8 (1/
R) in the PLL and becomes the comparison frequency fø for
the frequency between 1.041MHz and 1.058MHz.
The VCOs (Q451, Q452, Q456) of LO1 oscillate between
73.125MHz and 133.095MHz. The oscillation output of
these VCOs enter pin 6 of the PLL (IC3), then divides into 1/N
in the PLL. The comparison frequency fø is compared with
the frequency divided into 1/N by a phase comparator in the
PLL, then locks the frequency to use it as the output fre-
quency of LO1.
In the DDS (IC1), the output frequency (8.33MHz to
8.47MHz) is swept with fDDS STEP [Hz]=10 x R/N when the
step is 10Hz or fDDS STEP [Hz]=1 x R/N when the step is 1Hz.
Therefore, LO1 covers the frequency range of 73.125MHz to
133.095MHz with 10Hz or 1Hz steps.
The PLL output generated by the above-mentioned
method is amplified at Q15 and passes through a band-pass
filter with a cutoff switching circuit, an attenuator, and a low-
pass filter, and is then sent to the RF unit (X44-327) as LO1.
LO2 (the 2nd local oscillator)
The 15.6MHz (reference frequency) signal passes through
a buffer amplifier (Q4) and is doubled in a multiplier (Q5) to
generate a 31.2MHz signal. The resistance of the 31.2MHz
signal is distributed since it is used as the reference signal for
each DDS (IC1, IC2). The 31.2MHz signal is doubled in a
multipler (Q8, Q12) to generate a 62.4MHz signal.
The band-pass filter cuts the high harmonic of the
62.4MHz signal and the signal is sent to the RF unit (X44-327)